Directive 2002/46/EC related to food supplements containing vitamins and minerals came into force in July 2002. This legislation detailed the requirement for food supplements to be safely and properly labelled.
Annex II of Directive 2002/46/EC is a list of permitted vitamin or mineral preparations that may be added for specific nutritional purposes in food supplements. It has been amended by Commission Directive 2006/37/EC, Commission Regulation (EC) 1170/2009, Commission Regulation (EU) No 1161/2011 and Commission Regulation (EU) No 119/2014 to include additional substances.
The regulation introduces specific substances which fall under this directive:
Annex I of the Directive is a list of the vitamins and minerals that may be used in food supplements (such as vitamin C, calcium, iron).
Annex II is a list covering the chemical forms (sources) of those vitamins and minerals that may be used (amended by Commission Directive 2006/37/EC to include additional substances).
The trade of products containing vitamins and minerals not listed in Annex II has been prohibited from the 1st of August 2005.